Shotgun House, Calhoun County
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This historic barn is located next to the community hall in Orianna.
This was may have been part of the Soperton Naval Stores operations.
This small house is a nice example of the utilitarian double-pen form. Pen is another word for room. The added space at the back is a common amendment to the form.
It’s always my reflex to identify a structure with a central chimney as a saddlebag, but even such a simple form can be deceptive. This is a bit unusual, as most saddlebags have two doors.
I made this photograph in 2017 and have tried to identify the structure since then. It appears to have been a small store with an added-on room. I’m not sure if it’s still standing.
I believe this farm now serves another purpose, but the old barns recall the earlier days of commercial poultry, Georgia’s dominant agricultural commodity. I believe Northeast Georgia is still the top region for production and was an early leader in innovation.
This is a great example of a “shotgun” store, the most common vernacular store form of 19th and early-20th-century Georgia. It was also a common form for small town offices and warehouses, but a resource survey identifies this as a general store, circa 1900. It’s been well-maintained.
This expanded gable front form is often referred to as a “double shotgun”. It’s an increasingly rare form today.